The elite losing its creativity

Toynbee explained civilisational change through a theory of challenge and response, which posited that an established elite eventually loses its ‘creativity’ and then its end comes sooner or later because it begins meeting challenges to which it cannot adapt and with which it cannot cope.

Michael D. Barr, Ruling elite of Singapore

 

I think this book is not available in Singapore?

For the record, I disagree with the statement above — as long as we maintain a scholarship channel that develops young talent by exposing them to an overseas education.